"Professor Flitwick announced in Charms that he thought they were ready to start making objects fly […] "
1991 lesson [src]

Charms is a core class and subject taught at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Unsurprisingly, it specialises in the teaching of charms. Even though mastering the science of charmwork is clearly essential to performing the greater part of magic, charmwork is seen as a "softer option" by some such as Augusta Longbottom who, incidentally, failed her Charms O.W.L.[1]

Professor Filius Flitwick taught Charms for many years. It was rumoured that his expertise with charmwork made him a duelling champion.

Class informationEdit

"They then spent over an hour revising Summoning Charms, which according to Professor Flitwick were bound to come up in their OWL, and he rounded off the lesson by setting them their largest ever amount of Charms homework."
—Charms Class in 1995[src]
Charms class in 1991

charms class in 1991

Charms is a required subject for all students in their first five years at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. The spells learned in Charms class are taken from textbooks. Students are taught specific wand movements and proper pronunciation. Often students partner up in class to experiment on one another. Charms was Hermione Granger's favourite subject until she started Arithmancy in 1993.[2]


Professor Flitwick the charms master

In a student's fifth year they take the Ordinary Wizarding Level examinations. This exam contains a written portion and a practical portion. The written portion is made up of questions concerning the theory of charms and the practical is where students are judged upon the charms they can perform. Their O.W.L. scores decide what courses they'll be taking in their final years at Hogwarts. Only students who achieve a high O.W.L. score of either 'Outstanding' or 'Exceeds Expectations' may advance to N.E.W.T.-level.

Professor Flitwick was one of the kinder teachers at Hogwarts. Harry, Ron, and Hermione often enjoyed a "nice chat" in this class. This was the class where they used the Muffliato Charm as well. Harry was on at least fairly good terms with Professor Flitwick, as the professor spoke with Harry about the "perfect" Summoning Charm he used in the Triwizard Tournament.[3] Sometimes, Professor Flitwick, after trying and failing to get the class to concentrate, would allow the class to play games. One of these instances was just before the Yule Ball.

Location and timeEdit

Classroom 2E is where Charms classes are taught at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, and it is located on the third floor, on the Charms Corridor.

Classroom layoutEdit

The classroom has three rows of desks, all facing the teacher's table, behind which sits a large upholstered chair with a high back. Two blackboards flank the teacher's table, and behind them is a small shelf with books and other objects, beneath a pair of windows.[4]

Lesson timesEdit

Year Day Period
First year Tuesday first
Thursday first
Second year Monday unknown
Thursday second or third
Friday morning
Third year Friday second
Fourth year Wednesday morning
Friday third
Fifth year Tuesday second/third
Sixth year unknown unknown
Seventh year Monday morning


First yearEdit

"Professor Flitwick called them one by one into his class to see if they could make a pineapple dance across the desk."
—First year exam in 1992[src]
Tumblr m1637aAs591qeb3sro5 r1 250

first year Charms class practising the Levitation Charm

Second yearEdit

Third yearEdit

"Professor Flitwick did indeed test them on Cheering Charms."
—Third year exam in 1994[src]

Fourth yearEdit

Fifth yearEdit

Sixth yearEdit

Known professorsEdit

Filius Flitwick

Required textbooksEdit

Book of Spells 1

The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 1





The Charms O.W.L. contains both a written section and a practical where the students are judged on the charms they can perform.


"...a) Give the incantation and b) describe the wand movement required to make objects fly."
—Question on the Charms O.W.L.[src]


Known O.W.L.sEdit

Behind the scenesEdit

  • J. K. Rowling stated: "I see Charms as a slightly lighter subject than transfiguration which is very hard work. With Charms there would be a little more leeway for a little more personal creativity Transfiguration you have to get it exactly right, Transfiguration is more scientific." [7]
  • In LEGO Harry Potter: Years 5-7, Lavender Brown, Draco Malfoy, Vincent Crabbe, and Gregory Goyle all appear to have passed their O.W.L.s, despite the fact that they weren't mentioned to have done so in the books.


Notes and referencesEdit

Charms (class)
Wingardium leviosa
Professors: Filius Flitwick
Textbooks: The Standard Book of Spells · Achievements in Charming · Quintessence: A Quest
Charmbook writers and charm developers: Miranda Goshawk · Scarpin · Felix Summerbee · Randolph Keitch · Basil Horton · Mnemone Radford · Elliot Smethwyck · Jarleth Hobart · Delfina Crimp · Orabella Nuttley · Levina Monkstanley · Fred Weasley · George Weasley
Charms studied at Hogwarts: Levitation Charm · Fire-Making Charm · Softening Charm · Skurge · Aresto Momentum · Cheering Charm · Freezing Spell · Seize and Pull Charm · Summoning Charm · Banishing Charm · Silencing Charm · Mending Charm · Reductor Curse · Colour Change Charm · Growth Charm · Water-Making Spell · Locomotion Charm · Vinegar into Wine · Bird-Conjuring Charm